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THE NATIVE PLANTS GUIDE
PHYSIOGRAPHIC REGIONS OF CHESAPEAKE WATERSHED
  • MOUNTIAN
  • PIEDMONT
  • COASTALPLAIN

Iva frutescens

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marsh elder, high tide bush

Family: Asteraceae

Regions: Coastal Plain

States: DE, MD, VA

Plant Types: Medium Shrub

Height: 2 - 10ft; Spread: 6 - 12ft

Flower Color: greenish white

Fruit: Capsule; not conspicuous

Sun Exposure: Full Sun

Soil Texture: Clay, Loamy, Sandy

Soil Moisture: Dry, Moist

Blooms: August - October

Habitat: tidal brackish and salt marshes, above mean high tide to upland

Notes: similar to Baccharis halimifolia but with opposite leaves; tolerates salinity to 15 ppt

WHY NATIVES

Rain washes chemicals and fertilizers into our streams, rivers and, ultimately, the Chesapeake Bay. Once in our waterways, these pollutants fuel the growth of excess algae, which clouds the water and threatens the health of fish, crabs and the entire Chesapeake Bay.

One of the easiest ways for us to reduce our pollution contribution to the Chesapeake Bay is to replace some of our lawn and typical landscapes with native plants. Native plants have occurred in our region for hundreds of years and are accustomed to local sun, soil, and climate.

By picking native plants that suit local conditions, you can reduce or eliminate the need for fertilizers, pesticides and watering. This also saves time and money. Native plants also provide food and cover for local wildlife like butterflies, birds, frogs, turtle and small mammals.

You can find native plants with the same shape, color, size or other characteristics as some of your favorite non-native plants to create attractive and more natural landscapes right in your own yard.

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